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Decades of research show copper is antimicrobial
In 2002 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was searching for a way to stop the spread of deadly diseases in hospitals. The EPA approved the registration of copper as antimicrobial, officially stating copper is capable of killing harmful, potentially deadly microbes. Since then a huge outpouring of research from universities, hospitals, and labs around the world proves that copper kills many viruses and bacteria rapidly on contact.

Research by universities, hospitals, and government show solid copper kills microbes on contact in minutes.

Many hospitals switched to copper touch surfaces
Copper even kills antibiotic resistant bacteria such as MRSA. Hospitals have tested solid copper as a replacement for touch surfaces such as patient bed rails, tray tables, chair arms, doorknobs, faucets, etc. In hospitals tested, hospital-acquired infections dropped dramatically.

Researchers have identified over 100 microbial pathogens that copper inactivates, including cold and flu viruses.

How does copper work?
Scientists have identified a number of ways copper can destroy bacteria and viruses. One is electrical. It is strongly suspected that when a bacterium comes in contact with a copper surface, a short circuiting of the current in the cell membrane occurs. This weakens the membrane and creates holes in.

Researchers say a tiny electric charge in microbe cells gets short-circuited by the high conductance of copper. This destroys the microbe germ rapidly. In other words, copper "zaps" the microbe.

In the Resource Links are citations and excerpts from copper research reports.
Resource Links

These are some of the scientists whose research, among others, helped inspire the idea for CopperZap
Professor Bill Keevil
Director of the Environmental Healthcare Unit in the School of Biological Sciences, and his team at the University of Southampton, examine survival rates of deposits of pathogens (including MRSA, E Coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Influenza A(H1N1), Aspergillus niger, Clostridium difficile) on stainless steel (the metal most commonly used in healthcare and food processing institutions) and on a range of copper alloys.
Dr. Christopher Rensing
While at the University of Arizona, Dr. Rensing demonstrated that copper starts killing microbes in less that a minute after direct contact with a copper surface. He coined the term “contact killing” for the effect of copper on microbes.
Dr. Gregor Grass
Dr. Gregor Grass, Institut für Mikrobiologie der Bundeswehr. General research interests are in microbe-metal interactions. One focus of his research is concerned with the mode-of-antimicrobial action exerted by metallic copper surfaces.

Disclaimer: Statements in this document are not intended and should not be interpreted as product health claims, and have not been evaluated by the FDA. CopperZap® is not claimed to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Not for environmental use. Does not replace any health practices like hand-washing or vaccines. Seek medical advice for illness or health emergency.